AMSOIL Shipping Information
Online Store Order FREE Product Catalog Preferred Customer Program Business Accounts Dealership Opportunity
Email Price List

World's Best Oils & Filters for 2003 Ford Windstar

Oils & FiltersMaintenance ScheduleService BulletinRecallsImages
2003 Ford Windstar
3.8L 6-cyl Engine Code [4] Engine Code [4]
200 bhp. @ 4900 rpm / Torque: 240 ft. lbs. @ 3600 rpm
12 Valves Overhead Valve
3.8L - V 6-cyl (3802 cc) (Gasoline)
Compression Ratio: 9.3:1

We know your Ford Windstar
& We have the World's Best Oils, Filters & more!

AMSOIL manufacture's the World's best synthetic lubricant's & filters since 1972. AMSOIL also offers substitute brands such as WIX, Mann & Donaldson, making us your one-stop shop for all automotive maintenance needs.

How do I use this Product Cross Reference Guide?

Product Cross Reference Guide: This product cross reference guide follows recommendations outlined in your owners manual and also reflects periodic service recommendation updates from the original equipment manufacturer for this particular model (2003 Ford Windstar with engine code [4]) show example...

For example, the manufacturer may have recommended 5W30 motor oil at the time of production (owners manual) & later revised the recommendation to 5W20. This guide will reflect latest recommendation by the manufacturer for this model. If there are no special instructions from the manufacturer, the owner can choose to follow either one of the recommendation without voiding warranty hide example.

Optional Equipment Listing This guide lists all available equipment options such as transmission options, differentials etc. for 2003 Ford Windstar with engine code [4] hide.
Product Availability Listing This guide lists all available AMSOIL & substitute brand products that meet or exceed OEM (Ford) recommendation for each equipment. Any one of the recommended product can be used. One may be better than the other, you can review product details & price or contact us to ask our opinion pertaining to your usage and preference hide.
Operating Temperature Original equipment manufacturer (OEM) sometimes provide different product recommendations based on operating environment temperature for a given equipment. This product cross reference guide will list such recommendations based on OEM guidelines. Some OEM recommended viscosity pertaining to a specific temperature range may not be available from AMSOIL.

However, AMSOIL products recommended for another temperature range can be safely used because AMSOIL synthetic lubricants are engineered to provide exceptional performance for significantly broader temperature range when compared to conventional & or other brand synthetic oils. For more information on a lubricants cold temperature performance; please refer to "Pour Point" from "Technical Properties" table located at the bottom of each lubricant product page hide.
Last Updated This product cross reference guide for 2003 Ford Windstar engine code [4] was last updated on 22nd August 2018 hide.
Wholesale Accounts      Shipping Information Page
  1. Engine Oil

    Grade 1  »  SEO15
    All TEMPS  »  5W-20
  2. Automatic Transmission

  3. Power Steering Fluid

  4. Brake Fluid

    Brake Fluid  »  HB

    DOT 3 and 4 Brake Fluid (BFLVCN) [1]
  5. Lubricants & Fluids Comments  »  [*]

    [1] Motorcraft High Performance DOT 3 brake fluid, P/N PM-1-C
    or equivalent meeting Ford specification WSS-M6C65-A1.
    [2] Per TSB 07-1-7 Mercon V can now be used to service power
    steering systems in which the original recommendation
    was Mercon

  6. Capacities (Drive Train Fluids)

    Engine, with filter  »  4.7 liters [1]
    Cooling System, With Rear HEAT Initial Fill  »  15 liters
    Passenger Car & Light Truck Antifreeze & Coolant
    AMSOIL Antifreeze and Engine Coolant
    Cooling System, Without RR HEAT Initial Fill  »  14 liters
    Passenger Car & Light Truck Antifreeze & Coolant
    AMSOIL Antifreeze and Engine Coolant
    Automatic Transmission, 4F50N Initial Fill  »  Not Specified
    Automatic Transmission, Total Fill
    4 speed 4F50N  »  13 liters
    ANTPC ANT ANTPC ANT
    Capacities Comments
    [1] After refill check oil level.
  7. Chassis Lubrication

    0 Fittings, 0 Plugs
  8. Torque Specifications

    Oil Drain Plug  »  19 ft/lbs

Close Panels

  1. Filters: Oil, Air, Cabin, Fuel, Transmission, Hydraulic & Crankcase

    Oil Filter 25, 000-Mile Ea Oil Filter (EAO34)  
    Oil Filter MANN Oil Filter (W71936)  
    Oil Filter WIX 51516 Oil Filter  
    Air Filter WIX 46406 Air Filter  
    Cabin Air Filter WIX 24807 Cabin Air Filter  
    Transmission Filter WIX 58822 Auto Tran Filter [1]
    Transmission Filter WIX 58815 Auto Tran Filter [2]

    Filter Comments
    [1] with Deep Pan
    [2] with Shallow Pan
  2. Gasoline Engine Fuel Additives

    Dominator Octane Boost (AOB)
    AOB Dominator Octane Boost (AOB)

    Maximizes power and improves performance in all two-cycle and four-cycle gasoline engines. Reduces engine knock, improves ignition and engine response, helps fuel burn cleaner and inhibits corrosion. Recommended for off-road and racing use. Packag...

    Gasoline Stabilizer (AST)
    AST Gasoline Stabilizer (AST)

    AMSOIL Gasoline Stabilizer (AST) reduces the oxidation process that occurs when fuel is stored for extended periods, improving performance, extending equipment life and decreasing maintenance expenses. Package sizes include: 16-oz. Bottle ...

    P.I Performance Improver (API)
    API P.I Performance Improver (API)

    P.i. improves fuel mileage an average of 2.3% and up to 5.7%. Reduces emissions such as hydrocarbons (HC) up to 15%, carbon monoxide (CO) up to 26% and nitrous oxides (NOx) up to 17%. Restores power and performance. Reduces the need for costly higher...

Close Panels

ALM 5W-20 Signature Series Synthetic Motor Oil (ALM)

The Top Tier of AMSOIL Synthetic Motor Oil. AMSOIL Signature Series Synthetic Motor Oil delivers extraordinary lubrication in all types of automotive gasoline engines. Engineered for enthusiasts seeking maximum protection and performance. Precision-f...
XLM 5W-20 Extended Life Synthetic Motor Oil (XLM)

AMSOIL XL Synthetic Motor Oil is the choice for those who want to do something extra for their vehicle. Its boosted formulation delivers extra cleaning power, outstanding wear control, excellent high and low temperature protection and exceptional fue...
OEM 5W-20 OE Series Synthetic Motor Oil (OEM)

OE Synthetic Motor Oil is for mechanics and drivers seeking peace of mind protection and exceptional value in synthetic motor oil. It delivers 100 percent synthetic engine protection for advanced automotive technology, including turbochargers and dir...
ATF Signature Series Multi-Vehicle Synthetic ATF

AMSOIL Signature Series Multi-Vehicle Synthetic ATF is engineered to outperform conventional automatic transmission fluids and exceed the performance requirements of most North American, European and Asian vehicles. This sophisticated formulation pro...
OTF OE Multi-Vehicle Synthetic ATF

AMSOIL OE Synthetic Automatic Transmission Fluid provides passenger-car/light-truck transmissions excellent wear protection, sludge resistance and extreme-temperature performance throughout original equipment manufacturer (OEM)-recommended drain inte...
BFLV DOT 3 and 4 Synthetic Brake Fluid (BFLV)

*** This item is available for US customers only *** Brake fluid acts as a hydraulic fluid, transferring power and lubricating brake system components while also preventing corrosion. It must contend with extreme heat and the inevitable moi...
ANTPC Passenger Vehicle Antifreeze (ANTPC)

Ethylene Glycol 50/50 Pre-Mix Formulation AMSOIL Passenger Car/Light Truck Antifreeze & Coolant provides superior heat transfer and excellent protection against corrosion, freezing and boilover. It provides maximum protection in extreme temper...
ANT Antifreeze and Engine Coolant (ANT)

AMSOIL Antifreeze & Coolant (ANT) is a low-toxicity propylene glycol antifreeze formulated to provide benefits far beyond those found in today's conventional antifreeze and coolant products. This revolutionary formulation provides maximum antifre...
amsoil oil filter AMSOIL Ea Oil Filters

AMSOIL Ea Oil Filters feature synthetic nanofiber technology for maximum efficiency. Guaranteed for up to 15,000 miles or up to 25,000 miles, depending on application, when used with AMSOIL synthetic motor oil.
wix oil filter WIX Automotive, Light Truck & Racing Oil Filters

WIX Oil filters are made with full metal base plate for superior strength at the double seal & also feature a silicone anti-drainback valve. Glass enhanced media in WIX oil filters offers greater efficiency, capturing more 10 to 12 micron sized particles than other cellulose or synthetic blend medias.
wix air filter WIX Automotive, Light Truck & Racing Air Filters

WIX panel element air filters have a linear path through the filter for low airflow restriction & an exclusive pocket pleat for the filter media. Radial air filters are constructed of mesh screen on the inside wall diameter for element strength and media protection from backfire.
wix cabin filter WIX Cabin Air Filters

WIX offers high-efficiency cabin air filters for passenger cars, light trucks, heavy trucks, buses & off-highway vehicles. Trap & eliminate harmful microbes in the filter medium and reduce the opportunity for those microbes to be released into the air of vehicle occupants.
wix transmission filter WIX Automotive & Light Truck Transmission Filters

WIX Transmission Filters protect automatic transmissions against contaminants in the transmission fluid system. Proper filtration helps improve transmission life by minimizing wear and preventing sticking and scoring of sensitive shift control valves.

Maintenance Schedule as Provided by OEM Documentation

Distance:
5,000 miles (8,000 km)
Action:
Rotate/adjust air pressure
Item:
Wheels & tires
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.3
Parts Units:
0
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: A circular frame of hard material that may be solid or partly solid, is capable of turning on an axle, and holds the rubber cushion that contains compressed air.
Distance:
5,000 miles (8,000 km)
Action:
Change
Item:
Engine oil
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.2
Parts Units:
5
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: A substance that lubricates and cools the moving parts of the engine and reduces corrosion and the formation of rust.
Distance:
5,000 miles (8,000 km)
Action:
Replace
Item:
Oil filter
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.1
Parts Units:
1
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: A cartridge-filled canister placed in an engine's lubricating system to strain dirt and abrasive materials out of the oil.
Distance:
15,000 miles (24,000 km)
Action:
Inspect
Item:
Brake drums
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.05
Parts Units:
0
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: Metal drums mounted at the rear wheels on some cars. The brake shoes press against the inner surfaces of the drums to slow/stop the vehicle.
Distance:
15,000 miles (24,000 km)
Action:
Inspect
Item:
Brake lines, hoses & connections
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.02
Parts Units:
0
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: Tubes and their connections that carry brake fluid between the various components in a vehicle's brake system.
Distance:
15,000 miles (24,000 km)
Action:
Inspect
Item:
Brake pads
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.15
Parts Units:
0
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: High-friction material attached to a metal backing plate.
Distance:
15,000 miles (24,000 km)
Action:
Inspect
Item:
Brake rotors
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.1
Parts Units:
0
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: Rotating discs mounted to the front and/or rear spindles and axles, which brake pads clamp to when the brake pedal is depressed to slow/stop the vehicle.
Distance:
15,000 miles (24,000 km)
Action:
Inspect
Item:
Cooling system
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.1
Parts Units:
0
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: The system that stores and circulates coolant throughout (water cooled) engines to prevent overheating. Some vehicles have air-cooled engines in which high-speed airflow is sufficient to keep the engine cool.
Distance:
15,000 miles (24,000 km)
Action:
Inspect
Item:
Parking brake
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.05
Parts Units:
0
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: The mechanical brake connected by cables to either a ratcheting hand lever or foot pedal used to hold or apply a vehicle's rear and sometimes front brakes while left unattended or under conditions of hydraulic circuit failure. Sometimes referred to as the emergency brake.
Distance:
15,000 miles (24,000 km)
Action:
Inspect
Item:
Steering linkage
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.1
Parts Units:
0
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: The arrangement of rods and lubricated joints connecting the steering gearbox to the wheel spindles.
Distance:
15,000 miles (24,000 km)
Action:
Inspect
Item:
Suspension
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.05
Parts Units:
0
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: The assemblage of joints, links and other components between a vehicle and its wheels. The suspension in concert with the wheels and tires is largely responsible for a given vehicle's ride and handling characteristics
Distance:
15,000 miles (24,000 km)
Action:
Inspect
Item:
Wheel bearings
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.5
Parts Units:
0
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: The assemblies that permit smooth rotation between the wheel hub and spindle.
Distance:
15,000 miles (24,000 km)
Action:
Inspect
Item:
Automatic transmission fluid
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.02
Parts Units:
0
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: The fluid used for lubricating and cooling an automatic transmission.
Distance:
15,000 miles (24,000 km)
Action:
Inspect
Item:
Ball joints
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.1
Parts Units:
0
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: Movable joints in the steering linkage and suspension system of a vehicle that permit rotating movement in any direction between the parts that are joined.
Distance:
15,000 miles (24,000 km)
Action:
Replace
Item:
Cabin air filter
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.3
Parts Units:
1
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: A filtering system that meters out pollen, road dust and other particles before they can reach the passenger cabin.
Distance:
30,000 miles (48,000 km)
Action:
Inspect
Item:
Exhaust system
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.05
Parts Units:
0
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: A system of tubing that routes exhaust gases from the exhaust manifold to the rear of the car and into the air. The exhaust system includes catalytic converters and mufflers that help reduce air and noise pollution generated by an engine.
Distance:
30,000 miles (48,000 km)
Action:
Replace
Item:
Air filter
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.2
Parts Units:
1
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: A device that filters incoming air fed to the engine.
Distance:
30,000 miles (48,000 km)
Action:
Replace
Item:
Fuel filter
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.5
Parts Units:
1
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: A replaceable metal or plastic canister that prevents particulate matter and most contaminants in the fuel from reaching the engine.
Distance:
30,000 miles (48,000 km)
Action:
Change
Item:
Automatic transmission fluid
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.5
Parts Units:
12.3
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: The fluid used for lubricating and cooling an automatic transmission.
Distance:
45,000 miles (72,000 km)
Action:
Flush/replace
Item:
Coolant
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.7
Parts Units:
1.5
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: Also known as "antifreeze." A mixture of water and ethylene glycol that has both a higher boiling point and a lower freezing point than plain water.
Distance:
75,000 miles (120,000 km)
Action:
Flush/replace
Item:
Coolant
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.7
Parts Units:
1.5
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: Also known as "antifreeze." A mixture of water and ethylene glycol that has both a higher boiling point and a lower freezing point than plain water.
Distance:
100,000 miles (160,000 km)
Action:
Inspect
Item:
Drive belt(s)
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.03
Parts Units:
0
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: A belt that transfers the rotation of the engine through the crankshaft pulley to drive various devices, such as the alternator, water pump, air conditioning compressor or power steering pump.
Distance:
100,000 miles (160,000 km)
Action:
Replace
Item:
PCV valve
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.2
Parts Units:
1
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: Positive Crankcase Ventilation valve, an emissions related device that allows venting of combustion gases from the crankcase to the intake system rather than the atmosphere.
Distance:
100,000 miles (160,000 km)
Action:
Replace
Item:
Spark plugs
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
1.2
Parts Units:
6
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: Cables that carry a high-voltage electrical charge from the distributor cap or ignition coils to the spark plugs.
Distance:
100,000 miles (160,000 km)
Action:
Flush/replace
Item:
Coolant
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.7
Parts Units:
1.5
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: Also known as "antifreeze." A mixture of water and ethylene glycol that has both a higher boiling point and a lower freezing point than plain water.
Distance:
105,000 miles (168,000 km)
Action:
Flush/replace
Item:
Coolant
Interval in Month(s):
Labor Units:
0.7
Parts Units:
1.5
Drive Type:
ALL
Description: Also known as "antifreeze." A mixture of water and ethylene glycol that has both a higher boiling point and a lower freezing point than plain water.

Service Bulletin as Provided by OEM & NHTSA

Bulletin Date:
2001-01-01
Bulletin Number:
05145
NHTSA Item Number:
10016808

Component Description: Power train:driveline.

Service Bulletin Summary: Erratic fluid level reading on transaxle dipstick-leaks-4f50n, ax4n, ax4s transaxle. ( nhtsa item number - 10016808 ).

Bulletin Date:
2001-01-01
Bulletin Number:
0712
NHTSA Item Number:
10021217

Component Description: Steering:hydraulic power assist:hose, piping, and connections.

Service Bulletin Summary: Power steering hose leak near cooler extreme cold climate areas only -4 degrees and cooler. ( nhtsa item number - 10021217 ).

Bulletin Date:
2002-07-01
Bulletin Number:
02139
NHTSA Item Number:
636000

Component Description: Electrical system:battery.

Service Bulletin Summary: Battery drain service tips. ( nhtsa item number - 636000 ).

Bulletin Date:
2002-08-01
Bulletin Number:
02152
NHTSA Item Number:
635966

Component Description: Suspension.

Service Bulletin Summary: Some vehicles may exhibit a popping / grinding noise from the front of the vehicle when going over bumps or making turns. ( nhtsa item number - 635966 ).

Bulletin Date:
2002-08-01
Bulletin Number:
16097
NHTSA Item Number:
636112

Component Description: Seats.

Service Bulletin Summary: Some vehicles may exhibit a front seat back frame(s) bending. ( nhtsa item number - 636112 ).

Bulletin Date:
2002-09-01
Bulletin Number:
02176
NHTSA Item Number:
10008580

Component Description: Service brakes, hydraulic:switches:brake light.

Service Bulletin Summary: Lamp-brake-invadvertent disabling of brake shift interlock. ( nhtsa item number - 10008580 ).

Bulletin Date:
2002-09-01
Bulletin Number:
02177
NHTSA Item Number:
10008581

Component Description: Engine and engine cooling:engine.

Service Bulletin Summary: Cooling system-motorcraft premium gold engine coolant-serivce tips. ( nhtsa item number - 10008581 ).

Bulletin Date:
2002-10-01
Bulletin Number:
02208
NHTSA Item Number:
10013060

Component Description: Equipment:electrical:air conditioner.

Service Bulletin Summary: Climate control a/c service tech tips. ( nhtsa item number - 10013060 ).

Bulletin Date:
2002-10-01
Bulletin Number:
2214
NHTSA Item Number:
10013062

Component Description: Structure:body.

Service Bulletin Summary: Roof ditch material cracking. This includes 1997-2003 f-150 and 2002 blackwood models. ( nhtsa item number - 10013062 ).

Bulletin Date:
2002-10-01
Bulletin Number:
16274
NHTSA Item Number:
10013069

Component Description: Equipment:electrical.

Service Bulletin Summary: Compass displays incorrect direction reading. ( nhtsa item number - 10013069 ).

Bulletin Date:
2002-10-01
Bulletin Number:
16308
NHTSA Item Number:
10013077

Component Description: Equipment:electrical:radio/tape deck/cd etc. .

Service Bulletin Summary: Various 2003 vehicles equipped with premium cd-6 radios - cd-6 shuffle feature between discs not available. ( nhtsa item number - 10013077 ).

Bulletin Date:
2002-11-01
Bulletin Number:
02221
NHTSA Item Number:
10008304

Component Description: Engine and engine cooling:engine.

Service Bulletin Summary: Engine-gear driven synchronizers-incorrect installation-camshaft position synchronizer (cmp) installation tool correct application. ( nhtsa item number - 10008304 ).

Bulletin Date:
2002-11-01
Bulletin Number:
16382
NHTSA Item Number:
10008320

Component Description: Suspension:front:stabilizer bar.

Service Bulletin Summary: Clunk/squeak from the front stabilizer bar area (qsf). ( nhtsa item number - 10008320 ).

Bulletin Date:
2002-11-01
Bulletin Number:
16423
NHTSA Item Number:
10008350

Component Description: Structure:body.

Service Bulletin Summary: Servicing body side molding or cladding / contact request. ( nhtsa item number - 10008350 ).

Bulletin Date:
2002-12-01
Bulletin Number:
16452
NHTSA Item Number:
10008145

Component Description: Structure:body.

Service Bulletin Summary: Interior and exterior trim changes. ( nhtsa item number - 10008145 ).

Bulletin Date:
2002-12-01
Bulletin Number:
030104
NHTSA Item Number:
10008151

Component Description: Structure:body:roof and pillars.

Service Bulletin Summary: Crease in the headliner above the left a-pillar. ( nhtsa item number - 10008151 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-02-01
Bulletin Number:
16611
NHTSA Item Number:
10002496

Component Description: Seats:front assembly:power adjust.

Service Bulletin Summary: Power seat that moves in a arc rather than straight forward or back. ( nhtsa item number - 10002496 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-03-01
Bulletin Number:
0368
NHTSA Item Number:
10001859

Component Description: Electrical system.

Service Bulletin Summary: Visible damage to the pad and plunger for the sliding doors. Intermittent speaker malfunction. Malfunction sliding door power lock. Malfunction detent signal on a power sliding door. ( nhtsa item number - 10001859 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-03-01
Bulletin Number:
0354
NHTSA Item Number:
10001919

Component Description: Electrical system.

Service Bulletin Summary: Air bag warning lamp illuminated with the diagnostic trouble code b2290. ( nhtsa item number - 10001919 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-03-01
Bulletin Number:
030504
NHTSA Item Number:
10001960

Component Description: Air bags.

Service Bulletin Summary: Air bag warning lamp illuminated with diagnostic trouble codes (dtc) code b2290. ( nhtsa item number - 10001960 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-04-01
Bulletin Number:
030707
NHTSA Item Number:
10002678

Component Description: Fuel system, gasoline:storage:tank assembly.

Service Bulletin Summary: Slow to fill fuel tank - service tips. ( nhtsa item number - 10002678 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-05-01
Bulletin Number:
0398
NHTSA Item Number:
10002780

Component Description: Fuel system, other.

Service Bulletin Summary: Malfunction indicator lamp (mil) illumination with diagnostic trouble codes p0442, p0455, p0456, p0457, p1442 or check fuel cap lamp illuminated with diagnostic trouble code p0457. ( nhtsa item number - 10002780 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-06-01
Bulletin Number:
16919
NHTSA Item Number:
10002630

Component Description: Service brakes, hydraulic.

Service Bulletin Summary: Stability assist systems (advancetrac) may not be recalibrated properly using wds. ( nhtsa item number - 10002630 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-06-01
Bulletin Number:
16920
NHTSA Item Number:
10002631

Component Description: Other.

Service Bulletin Summary: Lean diagnostic trouble codes p0171/p0174 stored. New service isolator bolt assembly released for service. ( nhtsa item number - 10002631 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-06-01
Bulletin Number:
16930
NHTSA Item Number:
10002640

Component Description: (A) Engine and engine cooling:engine., (B) Other.

Service Bulletin Summary: Vehicles with export calibration may exhibit a check engine lamp on with a false diagnostic trouble code p0460 (fuel level sensor circuit malfunction). New service level calibration available. ( nhtsa item number - 10002640 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-06-01
Bulletin Number:
03123
NHTSA Item Number:
10002684

Component Description: Power train:automatic transmission:torque converter.

Service Bulletin Summary: Torque converter clutch not engaging when commanded and/or diagnostic trouble codes p0741 or p1744 stored in memory. Models from 1996 to 2003. ( nhtsa item number - 10002684 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-07-01
Bulletin Number:
03148
NHTSA Item Number:
10003748

Component Description: Power train:automatic transmission:cooling unit and lines.

Service Bulletin Summary: New transmission cooler flusher - service tips. 2003 escort and super duty f series included. ( nhtsa item number - 10003748 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-07-01
Bulletin Number:
16930
NHTSA Item Number:
10003830

Component Description: Electrical system.

Service Bulletin Summary: Check engine light on and diagnostic trouble code p0460 - new service level calibration available. ( nhtsa item number - 10003830 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-07-01
Bulletin Number:
16987
NHTSA Item Number:
10003853

Component Description: Service brakes, hydraulic.

Service Bulletin Summary: Slight amount of fluid residue on the outside of the rear wheel cylinder dust boot on vehicles with rear drum brakes. ( nhtsa item number - 10003853 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-08-01
Bulletin Number:
03161
NHTSA Item Number:
10003115

Component Description: Engine and engine cooling:engine.

Service Bulletin Summary: Check engine light on and lean diagnostic trouble codes (dtc's) p0171/p0174 (system too lean bank 1 or 2) stored in memory. ( nhtsa item number - 10003115 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-08-01
Bulletin Number:
17016
NHTSA Item Number:
10003151

Component Description: Service brakes, hydraulic:foundation components:disc:caliper.

Service Bulletin Summary: Front caliper seepage in extreme cold temperatures. ( nhtsa item number - 10003151 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-08-01
Bulletin Number:
17034
NHTSA Item Number:
10003160

Component Description: Electrical system.

Service Bulletin Summary: Fuse f2. 10 open / trailer lighting inoperative. ( nhtsa item number - 10003160 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-08-01
Bulletin Number:
17056
NHTSA Item Number:
10003166

Component Description: Engine and engine cooling:engine.

Service Bulletin Summary: Malfunction indicator lamp (mil) on / no start / erratic shifting. ( nhtsa item number - 10003166 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-09-01
Bulletin Number:
03181
NHTSA Item Number:
10004027

Component Description: Electrical system.

Service Bulletin Summary: Remote keyless entry (rke) - service tips. ( nhtsa item number - 10004027 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-09-01
Bulletin Number:
17104
NHTSA Item Number:
10004045

Component Description: Engine and engine cooling:engine.

Service Bulletin Summary: Ticking/tapping noise with the engine warmed up and the transmission in gear at idle. 2003 e150 included. ( nhtsa item number - 10004045 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-09-01
Bulletin Number:
17229
NHTSA Item Number:
10004085

Component Description: Electrical system:wiring.

Service Bulletin Summary: Trailer tow wiring harness incompatibility concerns. ( nhtsa item number - 10004085 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-10-01
Bulletin Number:
03203
NHTSA Item Number:
10004886

Component Description: Electrical system.

Service Bulletin Summary: Malfunction indicator lamp illuminated with diagnostic trouble codes (dtcs) p0442, p0455, p0456, p0457 or p1442 or a check fuel cap lamp illuminated with dtc p0457 for the evaporative emission system. ( nhtsa item number - 10004886 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-10-01
Bulletin Number:
17250
NHTSA Item Number:
10004904

Component Description: Visibility:power window devices and controls.

Service Bulletin Summary: Front passenger window motor not working. ( nhtsa item number - 10004904 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-10-01
Bulletin Number:
17301
NHTSA Item Number:
10004942

Component Description: Visibility:power window devices and controls.

Service Bulletin Summary: Passenger window motor not working. ( nhtsa item number - 10004942 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-11-01
Bulletin Number:
17397
NHTSA Item Number:
10008196

Component Description: Visibility:power window devices and controls.

Service Bulletin Summary: Front window motors not working. ( nhtsa item number - 10008196 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-11-01
Bulletin Number:
03C05
NHTSA Item Number:
10008198

Component Description: Seats.

Service Bulletin Summary: Replacement of lower seat-to-floor latches on vehicles equipped with 2nd and 3rd row seats. Demonstration / delivery hold. Compliance recall 03c05. ( nhtsa item number - 10008198 ).

Bulletin Date:
2003-12-01
Bulletin Number:
03242
NHTSA Item Number:
10008273

Component Description: Electrical system:wiring.

Service Bulletin Summary: Trailer tow service kit - service tip. ( nhtsa item number - 10008273 ).

Bulletin Date:
2004-01-01
Bulletin Number:
17525
NHTSA Item Number:
10007354

Component Description: Structure.

Service Bulletin Summary: Windshield cowl panel grille (leaf screen) breaking at the grille opening. ( nhtsa item number - 10007354 ).

Bulletin Date:
2004-02-01
Bulletin Number:
02184
NHTSA Item Number:
10007365

Component Description: Structure:body:door.

Service Bulletin Summary: Power sliding door operation and diagnostic service tips. ( nhtsa item number - 10007365 ).

Bulletin Date:
2004-03-01
Bulletin Number:
17585
NHTSA Item Number:
10007386

Component Description: Electrical system.

Service Bulletin Summary: Trailer tow electric brake switch/module connector may be difficult to locate in the vehicle and for certain 1999-2001 vehicles, the location is not clearly identified in the wiring diagram manual. ( nhtsa item number - 10007386 ).

Bulletin Date:
2004-04-01
Bulletin Number:
17744
NHTSA Item Number:
10008240

Component Description: Steering:hydraulic power assist system.

Service Bulletin Summary: Power steering noise. ( nhtsa item number - 10008240 ).

Bulletin Date:
2004-07-01
Bulletin Number:
031501
NHTSA Item Number:
10009321

Component Description: Visibility:defroster/defogger system:windshield:controls/wiring.

Service Bulletin Summary: Inoperative electric rear window defroster (heated backlite) grid lines, integral antenna concerns. ( nhtsa item number - 10009321 ).

Bulletin Date:
2004-08-01
Bulletin Number:
15679
NHTSA Item Number:
636308

Component Description: Structure:body:door.

Service Bulletin Summary: Sliding door(s) contacting the rear quarter glass. ( nhtsa item number - 636308 ).

Bulletin Date:
2004-08-01
Bulletin Number:
17277
NHTSA Item Number:
10004921

Component Description: Electrical system.

Service Bulletin Summary: Beeping sound from the instrument panel when driving at/over 75 mph, traction control off indicator illuminate when vehicle is not equipped with traction control, and/or diagnostic trouble code b2477 (module configuration failure) stored in ( nhtsa item number - 10004921 ).

Bulletin Date:
2004-08-01
Bulletin Number:
17358
NHTSA Item Number:
10008183

Component Description: Power train.

Service Bulletin Summary: Groan/buzz/vibration when the gear selector is in park with the vehicle parked on an incline. ( nhtsa item number - 10008183 ).

Bulletin Date:
2004-08-01
Bulletin Number:
041514
NHTSA Item Number:
10011159

Component Description: Visibility:defroster/defogger system:windshield:controls/wiring.

Service Bulletin Summary: Rear window defroster grid/integral antenna diagnosis and repair - terminal tab repair. ( nhtsa item number - 10011159 ).

Bulletin Date:
2004-09-01
Bulletin Number:
04174
NHTSA Item Number:
10013116

Component Description: Electrical system.

Service Bulletin Summary: Malfunction indicator lamp (mil) illuminated - system lean diagnostic trouble codes (dtc's) - service tips. Various models including 2004 f-series. ( nhtsa item number - 10013116 ).

Bulletin Date:
2004-10-01
Bulletin Number:
04192
NHTSA Item Number:
10010714

Component Description: Engine and engine cooling:engine.

Service Bulletin Summary: Spark knock on acceleration - vehicles equipped with 3. 8l engine only. ( nhtsa item number - 10010714 ).

Bulletin Date:
2004-12-01
Bulletin Number:
0471
NHTSA Item Number:
10008201

Component Description: Electrical system.

Service Bulletin Summary: Warning indicators-parking aid-reverse sensing system (rss) and forward sensing system (fss)-false activation of warning tone-service tips. ( nhtsa item number - 10008201 ).

Bulletin Date:
2004-12-01
Bulletin Number:
04136
NHTSA Item Number:
10009320

Component Description: Electrical system.

Service Bulletin Summary: Diagnostic trouble code b1342 (restraints control module (rcm) fault. ( nhtsa item number - 10009320 ).

Bulletin Date:
2004-12-01
Bulletin Number:
04189
NHTSA Item Number:
10014062

Component Description: Visibility:defroster/defogger system:rear window.

Service Bulletin Summary: Rear window defroster grid/integral antenna diagnosis and repair - terminal tab repair. ( nhtsa item number - 10014062 ).

Bulletin Date:
2004-12-01
Bulletin Number:
042107
NHTSA Item Number:
10014086

Component Description: Power train:automatic transmission:control module (tcm, pcm).

Service Bulletin Summary: General (pcm) power train control module programming procedures. ( nhtsa item number - 10014086 ).

Bulletin Date:
2005-02-01
Bulletin Number:
05310
NHTSA Item Number:
10012954

Component Description: Seat belts.

Service Bulletin Summary: Safety belt web stop button service. ( nhtsa item number - 10012954 ).

Bulletin Date:
2005-03-01
Bulletin Number:
04262
NHTSA Item Number:
10014671

Component Description: Communications:back up alarm.

Service Bulletin Summary: False parking aid warnings. ( nhtsa item number - 10014671 ).

Bulletin Date:
2005-04-01
Bulletin Number:
05419
NHTSA Item Number:
10017904

Component Description: Communications:back up alarm.

Service Bulletin Summary: False parking aid warnings. ( nhtsa item number - 10017904 ).

Bulletin Date:
2005-06-01
Bulletin Number:
042421
NHTSA Item Number:
10014138

Component Description: Seat belts:front:retractor.

Service Bulletin Summary: Safety belt retraction speed. ( nhtsa item number - 10014138 ).

Bulletin Date:
2014-08-01
Bulletin Number:
TSB-14-0145
NHTSA Item Number:
10056612

Component Description: Suspension:front:control arm:lower arm.

Service Bulletin Summary: Ford: a safety recall has been issued on minivans where lower control arm (lca) of front subframe attaching rear flange or rear body mount can separate due to corrosion. Model 1999-2003 windstar. ( nhtsa item number - 10056612 ).

Bulletin Date:
2014-08-01
Bulletin Number:
TSB-14-0146
NHTSA Item Number:
10056623

Component Description: Suspension:rear:axle:spindle.

Service Bulletin Summary: Ford: on some minivans, rear axle will fracture, in high corrosion area, after operating for an extended time period, and vehicle handling ability will be affected. Model 1998-2003 windstar. ( nhtsa item number - 10056623 ).

Bulletin Date:
2014-09-01
Bulletin Number:
TSB-14-0168
NHTSA Item Number:
10058105

Component Description: (A) Structure:frame and members., (B) Suspension:front:control arm:lower arm.

Service Bulletin Summary: Ford: safety recall on front subframe lower control arm (lca) rear attaching flange or rear body mount that can separate from subframe if vehicle is operated, for extended period, in high corrosion areas. Model 1999-03 windstar. ( nhtsa item number - 10058105 ).

Bulletin Date:
2015-09-01
Bulletin Number:
CSP-15-N-02
NHTSA Item Number:
10074725

Component Description: Suspension:rear:axle:non-powered axle assembly.

Service Bulletin Summary: Summary to be provided on a future date. ( nhtsa item number - 10074725 ).


Recall Data Provided by NHTSA

#
1
Make(s):
FORD
Model(s):
WINDSTAR
Year(s):
2001, 2002, 2003
Manufacturer:
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
NHTSA ID:
03V459000
Recall Date:
November 6th, 2003
Units Affected:
257,119

Affected Component: Seats:mid/rear assembly.

Summary: Certain minivans fail to comply with the requirements of federal motor vehicle safety standard no. 225, "child restraint anchorage system. " during testing, a third row bench floor-to-seat latch released before the strength requirement was met. Identical latches are used in the second row of seats. .

Conequence: If the latches on th4e second or third row seats of the vehicle release in a crash, the potential for occupant injury is increased. .

Remedy: Dealers will replace the seat-to-floor latches on the second and third row of seats. Owner notification began on november 21, 2003. Owners should contact ford at 1-800-392-3673. .

Notes: Ford recall no. 03c05. Also, customers can contact the national highway traffic safety administration's auto safety hotline at 1-888-dash-2-dot (1-888-327-4236). .

#
2
Make(s):
FORD, JAGUAR, LEXUS, LINCOLN, MAZDA, MERCURY
Model(s):
B-SERIES TRUCK, BLACKWOOD, CROWN VICTORIA, E-150, E-250, E-350, E-450, E-550, EXPEDITION, EXPLORER, EXPLORER SPORT TRAC, F-150, F-250 SD, FIVE HUNDRED, FOCUS, FREESTAR, GRAND MARQUIS, LS, MARAUDER, MARK LT, MONTEREY, MOUNTAINEER, MUSTANG, NAVIGATOR, RANGER, S-TYPE, SUPER V8, SUPER V8 PORTFOLIO, THUNDERBIRD, WINDSTAR
Year(s):
1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007
Manufacturer:
UFI FILTERS USA
NHTSA ID:
06E056000
Recall Date:
June 13th, 2006
Units Affected:
58,640

Affected Component: Fuel system, gasoline.

Summary: Certain aftermarket fuel filters sold under the purolator brand name, p/n f65277, shipped from january 16 through june 2, 2006, for use on the above listed passenger vehicles. Due to incorrect design, the quick connectors may not fully seat with the tube interface, even though the person making the connection may believe that the quick connector is fully attached. .

Conequence: Failure of this connection could lead to fuel spillage and, in the presence of an ignition source, a fire could occur. .

Remedy: Ufi will notify owners and replace the filters free of charge. The recall began on august 4, 2006. Owners may contact ufi filters usa at 800-230-5876. .

Notes: This recall only pertains to ufi filters usa (purolator) aftermarket fuel filters and has no relation to any original equipment installed on the listed passenger vehicles. Customers may contact the national highway traffic safety administration's vehicle safety hotline at 1-888-327-4236 (tty: 1-800-424-9153).

#
3
Make(s):
FORD, MERCURY
Model(s):
E-150, E-250, E-350, E-450, E-550, EXCURSION, EXPLORER, F-250 SD, F-350 SD, F-450 SD, F-550 SD, F53, MOUNTAINEER, RANGER, WINDSTAR
Year(s):
1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003
Manufacturer:
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
NHTSA ID:
09V399000
Recall Date:
October 13th, 2009
Units Affected:
4,500,000

Affected Component: Vehicle speed control.

Summary: Ford is recalling model years 1995-2003 windstar, 2000-2003 excursion diesel, 1993-1997 and 1999-2003 f-250 sd through f-550 sd diesel, 1992-2003 e-150 through e-550, 1995-2002 explorer, 1997 and 2002 mercury mountaineer, 1995-1997 and 2001-2003 ranger, and 1994 f53 vehicles equipped with the texas instruments speed control deactivation switch (scds). The scds may leak internally and then overheat, smoke, or burn. .

Conequence: A vehicle fire could occur with or without the engine running. .

Remedy: Ford will notify owners that dealers will install a fused wiring harness in line with the scds. On 1999-2003 windstar vehicles with a leaking scds, dealers will also inspect the abs control module connector and repair as necessary. Repairs will be completed free of charge. The safety recall began on october 27, 2009. Owners may contact ford at 1-888-222-2751. .

Notes: Ford's recall campaign number is 09s09. Owners may also contact the national highway traffic safety administration's vehicle safety hotline at 1-888-327-4236 (tty 1-800-424-9153).

#
4
Make(s):
FORD
Model(s):
WINDSTAR
Year(s):
1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003
Manufacturer:
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
NHTSA ID:
10V385000
Recall Date:
August 26th, 2010
Units Affected:
492,650

Affected Component: Suspension:rear:axle:non-powered axle assembly.

Summary: Ford is recalling certain model year 1998-2003 windstar vehicles manufactured from september 1, 1997 through february 28, 2003 and currently registered or originally sold in connecticut, delaware, district of columbia, illinois, indiana, iowa, kentucky, maine, maryland, massachusetts, michigan, minnesota, missouri, new hampshire, new jersey, new york, ohio, pennsylvania, rhode island, vermont, west virginia, and wisconsin. After many years of vehicle service in these areas, corrosion can weaken the rear axle, making it susceptible to torsional stress. Corrosion and stress can lead to cracks which if undetected can propagate and result in a complete fracture of the axle. .

Conequence: A fractured axle can affect vehicle handling and increase the risk of a crash. .

Remedy: As parts become available, dealers will inspect and if necessary install the rear axle reinforcement brackets free of charge. This service will be performed free of charge. The safety recall began on october 20, 2010. Owners may contact ford at 1-866-436-7332. .

Notes: Ford's recall no. Is 10s13. Owners may also contact the national highway traffic safety administration's vehicle safety hotline at 1-888-327-4236 (tty 1-800-424-9153).

#
5
Make(s):
FORD
Model(s):
WINDSTAR
Year(s):
1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003
Manufacturer:
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
NHTSA ID:
11V030000
Recall Date:
January 26th, 2011
Units Affected:
425,288

Affected Component: Structure: frame and members:underbody shields | structure: frame and members:underbody shields.

Summary: Ford is recalling certain model year 1999-2003 windstar vehicles originally sold in or currently registered in the states of connecticut, delaware, the district of columbia, illinois, indiana, iowa, kentucky, maine, maryland, massachusetts, michigan, minnesota, missouri, new hampshire, new jersey, new york, ohio, pennsylvania, rhode island, utah, vermont, west virginia, and wisconsin. A separation of a front lower control arm rear attaching bracket may result in a lower control arm separation. A separation of both front subframe rear body mounts may result in separation of the steering intermediate shaft. .

Conequence: This could result in reduced steering control increasing the risk of a crash. .

Remedy: Dealers will inspect both front lower control arm rear attaching brackets, and both body mount attachments at the rear of the front subframe, and make the necessary repairs free of charge. If repairs cannot be made to a vehicle, ford will offer to repurchase the vehicle. The safety recall is expected to begin on or before february 21, 2011. Owners may contact ford at 1-866-436-7332. .

Notes: Ford's safety recall no. 11s16. Owners may also contact the national highway traffic safety administration's vehicle safety hotline at 1-888-327-4236 (tty 1-800-424-9153).

#
6
Make(s):
FORD
Model(s):
WINDSTAR
Year(s):
1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003
Manufacturer:
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
NHTSA ID:
12V193000
Recall Date:
May 3rd, 2012
Units Affected:
27,000

Affected Component: Power train:axle assembly.

Summary: Ford is recalling certain model year 1998-2003 windstar vehicles manufactured from september 1, 1997, through july 3, 2003, and currently registered or originally sold in virginia. Over time, corrosion can weaken the rear axle making it susceptible to torsional stress. Corrosion and stress can lead to cracks which, if undetected, can increase and result in a complete fracture of the axle. .

Conequence: A fractured axle can affect vehicle handling and increase the risk of a crash. .

Remedy: Ford will notify owners, and dealers will inspect and install rear axle reinforcement brackets, or replace the axles, as necessary. This service will be performed free of charge. The recall began on june 19, 2012. Owners may contact ford at 1-866-436-7332. .

Notes: Ford's recall campaign number is 10s13. Customers may contact the national highway traffic safety administration's vehicle safety hotline at 1-888-327-4236 (tty: 1-800-424-9153).

#
7
Make(s):
FORD
Model(s):
WINDSTAR
Year(s):
1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003
Manufacturer:
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
NHTSA ID:
12V194000
Recall Date:
May 3rd, 2012
Units Affected:
23,000

Affected Component: Suspension:front:control arm.

Summary: Ford is recalling certain model year 1999-2003 windstar vehicles originally sold in or currently registered in the state of virginia. Corrosion-related fractures of the front lower control arm rear attaching brackets and body mount attachments may occur. .

Conequence: A separation of a front lower control arm rear attaching bracket may result in a lower control arm separation. A separation of both front subframe rear body mounts may result in separation of the steering intermediate shaft. Either condition could result in significant loss of steering control, increasing the risk of a crash. .

Remedy: Dealers will inspect both front lower control arm rear attaching brackets and both body mount attachments at the rear of the front subframe and make the necessary repairs free of charge. The recall began on june 18, 2012. Owners may contact ford at 1-866-436-7332. .

Notes: Ford's recall campaign number is 11s16. Customers may contact the national highway traffic safety administration's vehicle safety hotline at 1-888-327-4236 (tty: 1-800-424-9153).

#
8
Make(s):
FORD
Model(s):
WINDSTAR
Year(s):
1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003
Manufacturer:
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
NHTSA ID:
12V195000
Recall Date:
May 3rd, 2012
Units Affected:
9,192

Affected Component: Suspension:rear:axle:non-powered axle assembly.

Summary: Ford is recalling certain model year 1998-2003 windstar vehicles manufactured from september 1, 1997, through july 3, 2003, registered in puerto rico. Due to increased stresses caused by high cycles of torsional loading, specific to this market, the rear axle can crack. .

Conequence: A fractured axle may result in a loss of vehicle control, increasing the risk of a crash. .

Remedy: Ford will notify owners, and dealers will inspect and install a reinforcement bracket on the rear axle or replace the axles, as necessary. This service will be provided free of charge. The recall began on june 1, 2012. Owners may contact the ford motor company customer relationship center at 1-866-436-7332. .

Notes: Ford's safety recall campaign number is 12s30. Customers may contact the national highway traffic safety administration's vehicle safety hotline at 1-888-327-4236 (tty: 1-800-424-9153).

#
9
Make(s):
FORD
Model(s):
WINDSTAR
Year(s):
1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003
Manufacturer:
Ford Motor Company
NHTSA ID:
15V608000
Recall Date:
September 29th, 2015
Units Affected:
283,413

Affected Component: Suspension:rear:axle:non-powered axle assembly.

Summary: Ford motor company (ford) is recalling certain model year 1998-2003 windstar vehicles manufactured september 2, 1997, to july 3, 2003. The affected vehicles were previously remedied to safeguard against the rear axle cracking from corrosion, however, the remedy brackets may have been misinstalled. The incorrect bracket installations may limit the effectiveness of the service repair for nhtsa recalls 10v-385, 12v-193, and 12v-195. .

Conequence: If the brackets were not installed properly, the rear axle may fracture, affecting the vehicle handling and increasing the risk of a crash. .

Remedy: Ford will notify owners, and dealers will inspect the brackets to verify their proper installation. If a bracket is found to have been misinstalled, the rear axle will be replaced. These repairs will be performed free of charge. The began on october 21, 2015. Owners may contact ford customer service at 1-866-436-7332. Ford's number for this recall is 15s27. .

Notes: Owners may also contact the national highway traffic safety administration vehicle safety hotline at 1-888-327-4236 (tty 1-800-424-9153).

Rating & Review Section


Was this page helpful?

(click on a star to rate)

Blog Title: World's Best Oils & Filters for 2003 FORD WINDSTAR 3.8L 6-cyl Engine Code [4]
Current Rating: 4.5 out of 5 stars
Votes & Reviews: 1 vote(s) and 1 user reviews.


Post your comments
or ask a question


smaller | bigger

1-800-615-3709

Price List Request

Receive wholesale price list in your email.



Select your country.

Canada
Ships from Canada. Prices in CA dollars.
United States
Ships from USA. Prices in US dollars.